Sharks! You might think this creature is ferocious and deadly. But not in all cases. Sharks react when they feel they are in danger like a human is attacking a shark (most of the time). When you see a shark, and you swim past it, you don't do any harm, and it treats you the same thing. It depends if the shark is hungry and wants to eat you. It's also rare to see a shark in on the shoreline of the beach. There hasn't been a shark attack in New Jersey since 1918. There also are about 350 species of sharks, but I am going to talk about three main ones; The Great White Shark, The Whale Shark, and the Mako Shark.
The Great White shark is one large creature. They can grow up to 22 feet long and weight up to a whopping 2,200 pounds. The Great White Shark can swim up to 35 mph. That's as fast as a cheetah! Its scientific name is Carcharodon Carcharias and can be found in all coastal surface waters. Their diet is mostly seals, fish, and other marine animals. Their lifespan is about 70 years.
Did you know?: The biggest great white shark on record was 23 feet (7 m) long, weighing about 7,000 pounds (3200 kg). That is one massive shark!
The Whale Shark is the second largest shark in history. They can weight up to 41,000 pounds and can grow up to 33 feet, about the length of a school bus! The Whale Shark can swim 3mph (that's slow for a shark)! Their main diet is plankton, krill, and microscopic fish. Whale sharks are not that dangerous because they are docile and treat you as a marine animal. Their scientific name is Rhincodon Typus and can be found in the Pacific, Indian, and the Atlantic Ocean. Their lifespan is about 100-150 years.
Did you know?: The most massive confirmed Whale Shark had a length of 12.65 m and a weight of about 21.5 t. That is one humongous shark!
The last shark I am about to tell you is the Shortfin Mako Shark. Their diet is mainly Cephalopods and bony fish including mackerels, tunas, bonitos, and swordfish, but it may also eat other sharks, porpoises, sea turtles, and seabirds. Their length is around 10 feet long and can weight 610 pounds. Shortfin Mako Sharks can swim up to roughly 18.8 meters per second. That is incredibly fast! They can be found in Gulf Stream or warmer offshore waters. Their scientific name is Isurus Oxyrinchus. Their lifespan is up to 35 years.
Did you know?: Shortfin Mako Sharks are bluish on top with pale coloration around the eyes while Longfin Mako Sharks are dark blue or grayish black on top with dark coloration around the eyes.