Chess- How It All Begun

Photo by Felix Mittermeier on Unsplash

Chess is one of the most fundamental and strategic games worldwide. It all started before 6 A.D. with the courts of the Indian King Balhait. He was disturbed by the prevalence of gambling and the addiction of games with pure luck. So, he asked the holy saint Sissa to create a game that would have a strategy, real mental qualities, prudence, foresight, bravery, etc. With quite some time, Sissa created a board with 8x8 squares with two different colors of the armies. The boards weren't manufactured out of wood like today, but instead, it consisted out of specks of grain. He would need roughly 18 billion grains of them, but only a huge 100-pound bag had less than 3 million. He said that the objective of the game was to slay the other opponent's king. King Balhait was delighted that he gave said Sissa a prize.

Later on, in the same era, the game of chess began to spread into other countries. The Persian heard about the game and copied the setup of the pieces and the board too. Everyone wanted to learn the secrets of how to beat the game.

In India, the mighty king and the viziers choose the King's army of both players, which were the elephants, horses, chariots, and foot soldiers. So, the elephants transformed into what we now call the bishop and the chariots into rooks. The horses were now known as the knights, and the foot soldiers are known as the pawns. Finally, the king's assistant, the advisor or otherwise became the queen.

The queen is worth the most and also is the most powerful piece on the chess board. However, there are some downsides to this. When this piece is exposed, the queen can be easily captured. Usually, you want the queen near the first rank to keep it protected. In some cases, if you're going to attack the opponent's king, then immediately attack. The queen can move horizontally, vertically, and diagonally.

The rook is the second best piece in the game. This piece is similar to the queen except that the rook can only move horizontally and vertically. Rooks are used to mainly defend the king or attack the other opponent's king. Having two rooks on a single file can be dominating.

The knight and bishop both share the third best piece. The knight can act like the best piece because it could threaten two pieces at once and it can move in an L-shape. The bishop can move diagonally in all directions. Bishops can go very far if the pieces aren't blockading the bishop. Unarguably, the knight and the bishop are solid pieces.

For the last piece, it's the pawn. The pawn doesn't seem that strong because it can only move one space at a time (it can move two spaces if it is at its original position, if not, then it can move only one space). A pawn can only capture diagonally.

Currently, if I were to recommend you to a strategic game that also improves your memory and cognitive abilities, then chess is the game that I would tell you to play. Will chess be the best game in the entire history?


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